The porcelain manufacturing process is rather complex. For example, up to 80 process
steps are required
to make a cup. The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory preserved the essence of the classic porcelain
technology developed by D. I. Vinogradov as early as the 18th century. Porcelain mix is made of fine
kaolin (white clay), quartz, feldspar and other alumina silicates and includes up to 40 various
Hollow ware is made using manual or machine forming techniques. Liquid porcelain mix (slip) is
poured into a plaster mould which consists of two or more sections. As plaster absorbs moisture,
a solid ceramic body is formed in the mould. When this is thick enough, the excess slip is
removed. Still fragile ware is taken out of the mould to be further dressed and dried out. Flat
articles are made of more dehydrated mix using semi-automatic moulders. Porcelain hardens at
high temperatures: the 24-hours’ bisque firing process (at up to 900°С) is followed by glazed
firing (at up to 1380–1430°С) for two and more days. It should be kept in mind that fired
porcelain shrinks about a seventh.
Animal sculptures are made of soft paste fired at up to 1280°С. The formulation is almost the
same although the content of feldspar is higher. The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory developed
the egg-shell bone porcelain technology 35 years ago and was the first in Russia to release the
commercial batch of articles of increased whiteness, fineness and transparency. The porcelain
mix was improved to include calcium phosphate, cattle bone ashes. Therefore, it is called bone
porcelain. For this achievement, the Imperial Porcelain team was awarded the USSR State Prize in
the field of science and engineering in 1980.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory products are decorated with hand or machine-made overglaze
and underglaze painting, or a combination of these. Underglaze paints are applied to the raw
ceramic body. They are more durable as protected with glaze but are limited in colour palette.
The most popular option is dark blue cobalt. Overglaze paint fired at lower temperatures
(720–860°С) benefits from a wider diversity of colours. Many ceramic paints discolour in the
course of firing, thus expanding porcelain painting opportunities.
The products are decorated with decal, a transfer picture printed with ceramic paints on the
gummed paper and covered with special varnish. When the decorated product is fired, the film
burns out and the paint sticks to the glaze, leaving the picture. This decoration technique
coupled with manual finishing drawing scales up the output significantly.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory is world-famous for its sophisticated hand-made painting. A
wide range of articles is decorated with natural gold and engraved pictures. The majority of
tableware, vases and almost all animal sculptures are underglazed. Owing to one of our most
popular combinations - deep underglaze cobalt coupled with bright overglaze colour and gold, the
eye-catching products of the IPM look especially spectacular.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory
managed to preserve such unique technologies as cobalt covering and underglaze landscape
painting that date back to the end of 19th century.A new casting and moulding shop with
high-technology equipment is expected to be launched in the short run. The IPM successfully
applies advanced 3D modelling technology to accelerate mould development process and, as a
result, offer you an increasing number of new products.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory offers about 4 000 products varying in shape and patterns: tea, coffee
and dinner sets, individual tableware, gifts and souvenirs, genre and animal sculptures, decorative
dishes, plates, etc. They are made of hard-paste, soft-paste and bone porcelain. Our products are
decorated with hand or machine-made overglaze and underglaze painting, or a combination of these, with
paints based on rare and precious metals. As an option, you can order customized replicas of museum
displays of the 18th – 20th centuries or corporate dishware marked with your logotype or monogram.
Porcelain sets covered with our proprietary pattern, Cobalt Net (S.E. Yakovleva, A.A.
Yatskevich), which won the golden medal at the Brussels World’s Fair, have been extremely
popular for decades. Russian and foreign customers also admire products designed by A.V.
Vorobyevsky and I. I. Riznich, People’s Artists of Russia, N.P. Slavina, member of the Academy
of Arts, I. S. Olevskaya, award winner of the Academy of Arts and the International Quadrennial
in Erfurt, N.L. Petrova, T.V. Afanasyeva, G.D. Shulyak, S. A. Sokolova, M. A. Sorokina, Yu. Ya.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory makes a wide range of products varying from home dinner sets
and souvenirs to festive tableware at the presidential level, diplomatic gifts to the foreign
heads of states, and major competition and festival prizes. For example, we supplied all
tableware for gala receptions held during the celebration of the 300th anniversary of Saint
The Lomonosov Porcelain Manufactory products (the trademark was registered in 1936) are exported
to such developed countries as Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, UK, USA, etc.
Accounting for 15% of total sales, the USA has been our key export market for years, followed by
Germany and the UK. A positive promotion trend is also observed in Canada, France, Italy and
Following the external audit, we got ISO 9001:2008 certificate (internationally recognized), GOST R ISO
9001-2008 certificate and IQNet certificate.
Today the Imperial Porcelain Manufactory controls a group of companies, including such Limoge
plants in France as Apilco-Yves Deshoulieres and Porcelaine de Sologne, which opens up wide
co-operation opportunities. Thus, celebrating its 260th anniversary, the oldest Russian
porcelain manufactory enters into the new stage of its development.
The Imperial Porcelain Manufactory successfully gained quality management system
certification in accordance with international standards in 2011.